Alberta has gained doctors so far this year — but that doesn’t tell the full story

The number of doctors practising in Alberta has increased so far this year despite fears of an exodus due to a dispute with the UCP government — but the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta says the figures don’t tell the full story. 

There was a net increase of 246 doctors for a total of 11,152 in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the same period last year, according to the quarterly report released by the college on Wednesday morning.

The gains so far this year are smaller than each of the past five years, but there is still an additional quarter left to report. 

From 2018 to 2019, the college registered a net gain of 274 doctors. 

Broken down further, the province had a net gain of 331 specialists year to year but a net loss of 85 non-specialists.

Family doctors are considered specialists, but general practitioners, who can be family doctors, are not. 

In addition, the highest growth is from those on the provisional register, meaning doctors who are not yet qualified to be responsible or accountable for their own medical practice without supervision.

Those on the general register increased by 133, or 1.3 per cent, compared to last year, while those on the provisional register increased by 113, or 13.7 per cent. 

The third quarter saw a net gain of 63 doctors on the general register and 184 on the provisional register. 

Year-end numbers could change picture

Jessica McPhee, the communications director with the CPSA, says while the numbers are promising, it’s too early to tell whether the trend will hold for the year.

For one, registrations are for the full year and can’t be change mid-way through. In other words, if there is an exodus, it wouldn’t necessarily show up in the third-quarter figures. 

“Sometimes what can happen throughout the year is a physician may change the scope of their practice, perhaps they reduce their practice, maybe they’re working part-time in our province but then in another province,” said McPhee of the nuance that isn’t captured by the stats. 

“In those sorts of scenarios, we really don’t have the full understanding of those types of situations.”

She said the third quarter always sees a bump as residents renew their registrations on July 1.

Reports of doctor exodus

The figures so far paint a different picture than ongoing reports of doctors fleeing the province in the wake of Jason Kenney’s United Conservative Party government unilaterally tearing up its master agreement with the Alberta Medical Association. 

That move by the province has sent relations with Alberta’s doctors into a tailspin as the two sides try to negotiate compensation and contracts in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The health minister was quick to pounce on the positive take. 

“This report shows that doctors continue to choose to live and practise in Alberta in impressive numbers — and for good reason,” Health Minister Tyler Shandro in a news release on Wednesday. 

“Alberta pays more than any other province, has lower taxes, and now has the most attractive compensation package available for rural and remote doctors in Canada.”

Recently revealed government documents, however, show some rural areas of the province were considered at risk of a doctor’s exodus earlier this year and as noted by the CPSA, the figures could still change by the end of December. 

At the height of both the COVID-19 pandemic and the provincial government’s dispute with doctors, more than 200 physicians were weighing the future of their practices, with 163 deemed to be at “high risk” of altering the services they provide or leaving Alberta altogether, according to internal documents.

The documents, obtained by Alberta’s Opposition NDP through Freedom of Information laws and provided to CBC News, laid out the decisions under consideration by some physicians in the spring and early summer.

Rural communities

As of Oct. 1, those rural communities have not seen a mass exodus of doctors — however, many of them were on a confidential, internal watch list maintained by Alberta Health Services (AHS).

According to the list, 205 doctors in 17 rural towns had told the health authority they were unsure what the future would hold for them.

Only three communities have seen actual departures as of Oct. 1 but, according to the documents, some physicians have agreed to withhold any action until the immediate response to the COVID-19 pandemic has passed.

The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta quarterly report, most regions show a net increase in doctors in 2020, with notable exceptions in Grande Prairie and Fort Saskatchewan.

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