The Top 5 Vegetables for Digestion

Including a variety of top vegetables for digestion in your diet is a great way to boost your body’s ability to process nutrients efficiently.

Whether it’s bloat, gas, frequent bathroom breaks, or constipation, achieving healthy digestion is one of the most popular topics with my clients and our community.

While I already discussed the fiber-rich fruits that help to keep your system flowing, now it’s time to talk about a handful of vegetables that can help improve digestion. Both fruits and vegetables are known for their fiber content, but there are some key veggies that have a “special” effect on digestion.

Depending on your unique digestive system, gut microbiota, and tolerance to fiber, eating too much fiber can either leave you feeling very full and possibly constipated or with frequent bathroom breaks. The key when boosting fiber in your diet is to take it slow and steady, give your body enough time and space to get used to the increase in fiber.

Learn a few of the best vegetables for digestion that you may want to consider incorporating into your daily diet to optimize gut health.

How Vegetables Support Digestion

We all have heard how important fiber is to our digestive system. Fiber acts as a little broom that sweets your intestines and colon of bacteria and helps keep things moving through your intestines, which is important to prevent constipation and it also helps your body signal to you that you’re full!

Depending on what your body needs, fiber can help put your bathroom breaks on a more regular schedule by either relieving constipation or helping to soak up extra water that could lead to diarrhea.

In general, fiber is found mostly and most abundantly in fruits, vegetables, and legumes — if you’re eating a whole food diet you’re most likely getting plenty of fiber.

One disclaimer here: if you’re not eating a diet that’s rich in fiber currently, go slowly with introducing fiber-rich vegetables and foods because too much fiber initially when you’re body isn’t used to it can also contribute to digestion. (Many times when people are starting a plant-based diet, they experience bloating or gas because they’ve introduced so many new whole foods and vegetables to their diet. Incorporate them little by little and your body will adjust.)

1. Artichokes For Digestion

Just one medium artichoke has nearly seven grams of fiber! It’s also incredibly versatile and easy to include in your weekly meal plan. Try adding it to a salad, adding it to a stir-fry, to soup, or making a variation of a classic cashew cheese dip with artichokes to give it a fiber boost!

Artichokes have several special traits that make these vegetables good for digestion. In fact, these leafy bundles also provide prebiotics, which allows the good bacteria in your gut to flourish. You need prebiotics (and probiotics) to help your gut stay healthy. More recent studies are also continuing to unravel the link between gut health and so many conditions, including anxiety, inflammation, obesity, and diabetes (1).

Studies show that artichokes can actually help control symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, including stomach aches, bloating, and frequent bathroom visits (2). Artichokes have also been shown to protect the liver, which is important for nutrient absorption and fat digestion (3).

Recipe to Try: Vegan Creamy Spinach and Artichoke Dip


All of those leafy vegetables you add in your salads not only provide heaps of vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, and antioxidants but also contain a lot of fiber, too. A cup of collard greens, for example, has seven grams of fiber, while a cup of cooked kale has about five grams.

Research has unearthed a close link between leafy greens like spinach and digestion.

Greens contain a type of fiber known as insoluble fiber, and though that sounds like that would make these vegetables that are hard to digest, it actually helps get your intestines to push waste through your GI tract and out of the body. Pretty cool, huh? Think of insoluble fiber as a more solid source of fiber that helps add bulk to stool because it doesn’t dissolve in water. Meanwhile, soluble fiber is more like a gentle broom sweeping out your intestines — it forms a soft gel when combined with water, like chia seed pudding.

Remember, greens also go well in a salad, but you can also try adding a couple of handfuls to your morning smoothie, to a stir-fry, stew, soup, or stuffed in a sandwich.

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