China’s health minister has indicated the ability of a new strain of coronavirus to spread in his country is getting stronger and infections could continue to rise.
Ma Xiaowei spoke Sunday after China released new figures showing the death toll from the virus, first reported in the city of Wuhan at the end of December, has risen to 56. Some 1,975 people in China had been infected with the virus.
“The transmissibility shows signs of increasing and the ‘walking source of infection’ [where patients have few signs of disease] has made it difficult to control and prevent the disease.
“For this new coronavirus we have not identified the source of the infection and we are not clear about the risk of its mutation and how it spreads. Since this is a new coronavirus there might be some changes in the coming days and weeks, and the danger it poses to people of different ages is also changing,” he said.
The minister declined to estimate how long it would take to bring the situation under control, but said travel restrictions and other strict measures should bring results “at the lowest cost and fastest speed.”
Bus service suspended
China’s northern Hebei province will suspend the operation of inter-province and inter-city buses in order to curb the outbreak, state media CCTV reported on Sunday.
In announcing a higher death toll, the Chinese government also reported five cases in Hong Kong, two in Macao and three in Taiwan. Small numbers of cases have been found in Thailand, Japan, South Korea, the U.S., Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Nepal, France and Australia.
In Canada, health officials in Ontario on Saturday confirmed its first “presumptive” case of coronavirus, a man in his 50s who was in Wuhan before flying to Toronto on Jan. 22.
The U.S. Consulate in Wuhan will evacuate its personnel and some private citizens aboard a charter flight on Tuesday. A notice from the embassy in Beijing on Sunday said there would be limited capacity to transport U.S. citizens on the flight that will proceed directly to San Francisco.
Canadian will be on U.S. flight
CBC News has learned that one Canadian will be on board the flight chartered by Washington to pull diplomats and Americans from Wuhan. Sources say of 67 Canadians are registered as being in Hubei province.
BREAKING: CBC News has learned one Canadian will be on board flight chartered by Washington to pull diplomats & Americans from Wuhan, epicenter of coronavirus infection zone. Sources say of 67 registered Canadians in Hubei province surrounding Wuhan no others want to go now <a href=”https://twitter.com/hashtag/CBC?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>#CBC</a>
The French Consulate also was considering an evacuation of its nationals from the city. It said it’s working on arranging a bus to help French citizens leave Wuhan.
China’s National Health Commission said anyone travelling from Wuhan is now required to register with community health stations and quarantine themselves at home for 14 days — the virus’ maximum incubation period.
In the heart of the outbreak where 11 million residents are already on lockdown, Wuhan banned most vehicle use, including private cars, in downtown areas starting Sunday. The city will assign 6,000 taxis to neighbourhoods to help people get around if they need to.
China cut off trains, planes and other links to the city Jan’ 22, and has steadily expanded the lockdown to 16 surrounding cities with a combined population of more than 50 million — greater than that of New York, London, Paris and Moscow combined.
Wuhan is building two makeshift hospitals with about 1,000 beds each to handle the growing number of patients. The city has said the first is expected to be completed Feb. 3.
Medical supplies rushed to Wuhan
Medical workers in Wuhan have been among those infected and local media reported a doctor died on Saturday morning. The 62-year-old physician was hospitalized on Jan. 18 and died a week later.
Xinhua also said medical supplies are being rushed to the city, including 14,000 protective suits, 110,000 pairs of gloves and masks and goggles.
The new virus comes from a large family of what are known as coronaviruses, some causing nothing worse than a cold. It causes cold- and flu-like symptoms, including cough and fever, and in more severe cases, shortness of breath. It can worsen to pneumonia, which can be fatal.
First detected last month, the virus is believed to have originated in a type of wild animal sold at a Wuhan market to be consumed as food.
Ban on selling wild animals
Chinese authorities announced a temporary ban on the trade of wild animals Sunday, saying they will “severely investigate and punish” violators. They also called on the public to refrain from eating wild animal meat.
No wildlife can be transported or sold in any markets or online, according to text of the announcement in state media.
The ban will continue until “the epidemic situation is lifted nationwide” in order to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus and block potential sources of infection and transmission, state media reported.
The rapid increase in reported deaths and illnesses does not necessarily mean the crisis is getting worse but could reflect better monitoring and reporting of the virus. Those killed by the virus have mostly been middle-aged or elderly people, sometimes suffering from other conditions that weaken their ability to fight back.
It is not clear how lethal the new coronavirus is or even whether it is as dangerous as the ordinary flu, which kills tens of thousands of people every year in the U.S. alone.
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